شکاف هیدرولیکی شرکت بیکر | Mfrac Suite 13.01
نرم افزار Mfrac Suite یک شبیه ساز شکستگی هیدرولیکی سه بعدی است که به عنوان ابزاری روزمره طراحی شده است. این نرم افزار دارای ماژول های گوناگون و تخصصی برای طراحی و شبیه سازی شکافت هیدرولیکی، Production Simulation، Fracture Design Optimization، History Match Production غیره میباشد. برای کسب اطلاعات بیشتر بر روی ادامه مطلب کلیک کنید.
بررسی ترم افزار Mfrac Suite:
MFrac is a three-dimensional hydraulic fracturing simulator that is designed to be used as an everyday tool. MFrac accounts for the coupled parameters affecting fracture propagation and proppant transport. MFrac is not a fully 3-D model. It is however formulated between a pseudo-3D and full 3-D type model with an applicable half-length to half-height aspect ratio greater than about 1/3 (Meyer15). MFrac also has options for 2-D type fracture models.
Developed as a data handling system and display module for real-time hydraulic fracturing; this software is intended for use with MFrac (a hydraulic fracturing design simulator) and MinFrac (a minifrac analysis simulator), but can also be used as a general data collection and display program.
MView Developed as a data handling system and display module for real-time hydraulic fracturing; this software is intended for use with MFrac (a hydraulic fracturing design simulator) and MinFrac (a minifrac analysis simulator), but can also be used as a general data collection and display program. This chapter explains the basic procedures for using MView.
The term minifrac is commonly used to describe any type of injection test performed in a reservoir to obtain characteristic information associated with the hydraulic fracturing process. Tests such as these are usually applied, as part of the design optimization process, to calibrate the fracture model input data and redesign the treatment. These tests typically involve periods of intermittent injection followed by intervals of shut-in and/or flowback. As with any well test, pressure and rate are measured throughout a minifrac and recorded for subsequent analyses.
MProd is a single phase analytical production simulator. Although the program was designed primarily for hydraulic fracturing applications, it can also be used to explore the production potential of unfractured reservoirs.
MNpv a fracturing design optimization simulator, based on the concept of Net Present Value developed by BHGE and implemented in its reservoir software. MNpv is designed for use with MProd to automatically determine and compare the NPV of various fracture scenarios in order to identify an optimal design. Using MNpv, treatment advantages or disadvantages can be ascertained by evaluating predicted cash flow and future return on investment.
MFast is an analytical two-dimensional hydraulic fracturing simulator for designing 2D fractures. The simulator illustrates the importance of various parameters and provides a fast first order solution to fracture geometry, net pressure, fracture efficiency and treatment design. This simulator provides the capability to compare the fracture geometries for Geerstma-deKlerk (GDK), Perkins-Kern (PKN) and ellipsoidal type two dimensional models. Since MFast was developed from analytical solutions it has the inherent limitations of steady state injection, constant mechanical properties, time independent fluid rheology and single layer properties.
This simulator has many of the same features as MFrac with the exception of proppant transport, acid, foam etc. Options are available for various fluid loss models, inclusion of thermal- and poro-elastic stresses behaviors. Additional options are available for inputting internal and external fracture skins and cakes. The solution methodology for our Produced Water Reinjection (PWRI) hydraulic fracturing simulator is formulated in the Appendices. A summary of the governing water and thermal front equations, thermal- and poro-elastic stresses and fluid loss equations are also provided.
MLite is a three-dimensional hydraulic fracturing simulator similar to MFrac but with a limited number of MFrac features and capabilities (i.e., a lite version). This simplified three-dimensional simulator provides ease of use with less input data and fewer options to choose from for applications which do not require some of the advanced features in MFrac.
MWell is a wellbore hydraulics simulator for calculating surface or bottomhole pressures, gravitational head, restrictions, transport times and hydraulic power requirements in the wellbore. Near wellbore and perforation pressure losses are also calculated to determine the bottomhole treating pressure in the formation. MWell was designed for real-time analysis to calculate BHTP’s, from surface conditions but can also be used as a design tool for determining wellbore pressure characteristics prior to performing the treatment. MWell is essentially a subset of the MFrac simulator without the fracture simulation. MWell however does provide the capability to simulate time dependent formation pressures with a user specified table for inputting the minimum horizontal stress and a time dependent net pressure (pressure above or below the reference minimum stress). If the formation is not fractured the reference pressure should be the reservoir pressure.
MShale is a Discrete Fracture Network (DFN) simulator designed for simulating three-dimensional (x-z, y-z, and x-y planes) hydraulic fracture propagation in discrete fracture networks. MShale accounts for the coupled parameters affecting fracture propagation (and proppant transport) in multiple planes. MShale is not a fully 3-D model. It is however formulated between a pseudo-3D and full 3-D type model with an applicable half-length to half-height aspect ratio greater than about 1/3 (Meyer15). MShale also has options for 2-D type fracture models.
MACQ is a utility software application used to collect raw data from other systems and sensors for further processing and analysis by MView. MACQ can interface with other systems via a TCP/IP network connection, a RS 232 serial-toserial port connection, a dial-up modem-to-modem connection, or by a polling process that checks for new input within a plain text file.
The MDBE is a utility software application that provides a central point for modifying user databases employed within the MFrac Suite applications. The databases are comprised of System Databases and User Databases.
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